Carruthers in WWI, Scotland, Uncategorized

Lance Corporal – James Crosthwaite Carruthers

Carruthers Clan Int Society                               Promptus Et Fidelis


Lance Corporal James Crosthwaite Carruthers 


James Crosthwaite Carruthers was born in April 1883 in Bury, Lancashire, England.


James father was William, was 36 and his mother, Mary Ann Mitchel, was 30.

When WWI came upon everyone, James Crosthwaite Carruthers enlisted in 1914 as a private with the Northumberland Fusiliers 19th Batallion.


This is a picture of the 19th Batallion, waiting in line for a paycheck.




They were called “The Liverpool Pals”

The 17th Earl of Derby proposed forming a battalion of “Pals” for the King’s Regiment, to be recruited from men of the same workplace. His proposal proved successful. Within a week, thousands of Liverpudlians had volunteered for service, to eventually be formed into the 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th Battalions.

liverpoolpalsCollectively, the battalions became known as the City of Liverpool battalions or “Liverpool Pals”.

The inspection of the Liverpool Pals by Lord Kitchener in front of St George’s Hall, Liverpool, 20 March 1915.




Montauban_MemorialLord Montainban Memorial honoring the Liverpool Pals who lost their lives.  Most of the Liverpool Pals did not make it home.






18th (Service) Battalion (2nd City), 19th (Service) Battalion (3rd City) & 20th (Service) Battalion (4th City)
29.08.1914 Raised by Lord Derby in Liverpool and then Moved to Knowsley Park.
30.04.1915 Moved to Belton Park, Grantham and joined the 89th Brigade of the 30th Division. ( Because they had lost so many men in combat )  After suffering such loses, the 19th and 20th Battalions  became the 22nd (Reserve) Battalion.
27.08.1915 Taken over by the war office and moved to Larkhill, Wiltshire.
Nov 1915 Mobilised for war again, and landed at Boulogne, (the 18th transferred to the 21st Brigade of the 30th Division), where the Division was once again engaged in various actions on the Western front.  All the Liverpool Pals were brought home before 1916.




By the time they embarked for battle, James rose to Lance Corporal.




WW1_1914-15_StarHe Received the British Star in 1914



The creation of the 1914 Star for the original British Expeditionary Force, who served in France and Flanders up to November 1914,







He also received the Victoria Cross


The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system. It is awarded for gallantry “in the presence of the enemy” to members of the British Armed Forces.






James and the Liverpool Pals who made it home, had an angel with them.


The silver badge shows an eagle with a child in a basket above a ducal crown. The child is covered in a swaddling wrap. Underneath is a scroll with the motto SANS CHANGER. Pair of lugs to reverse.

Headdress badge given to men who volunteered for the first four City Pals battalions of the King’s (Liverpool Regiment) before 16 October 1914. This was given as a personal gift from Lord Derby, who recruited these units. They became the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th Battalions of the regiment.


James returned home and  married Minnie Maken and they had two children together. He then married Elizabeth Horrocks in March 1956 in Bury, Lancashire, England.


He died on July 30, 1956, in his hometown at the age of 73.

Preserving Our Past, Recording Our Present, Informing Our Future

Ancient and Honorable Carruthers Clan Int Society LLC


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